Allāh, the creator and lord of all worlds, has imposed certain duties upon us. To these belong the rituals that appear in the five pillars. When we think of these duties, first thing come to our minds is the prayer. However, in the holy book Allāh always mentions the prayer together with Zakāt, which is an obligatory contribution of assets and applies to those, who hold a certain minimum of assets for one year.
In the holy Qurʾān it says for instance:
„And establish prayer and give zakah, and whatever good you put forward for yourselves – you will find it with Allah. Indeed, Allah of what you do, is Seeing.“
(Sūrah al-Baqarah, Vers 110)
„[Jesus] said, “Indeed, I am the servant of Allah . He has given me the Scripture and made me a prophet.“
„And He has made me blessed wherever I am and has enjoined upon me prayer and zakah as long as I remain alive“
(Sūrah Maryam, Verse 30-31)
Zakāt originates from cleanliness/cleaning and means in this sense, that by contributing with ones’ property, the remaining property will be cleaned of any evil and bad. If the money, during its track, was passed on from person to person and caused harm or injustice to someone along the way, then Zakāt is an opportunity to clean the property of these traces and even bless it.
For whom is Zakāt and obligation?
According to the common understanding and methodology, Zakāt is obligatory for those who own property amounting to ca. 85 grams of gold for one year, without falling below this value. This amount is matched with todays gold prices and at current rates, equals around 3,000 €. This amount can also be seen as common saving capacity and thus regarded as immobile and unused money. There it is recommended to contribute Zakāt, if one owns this amount of saving capacity, regardless of the gold prices. This donation is a worship similar to the prayer and brings blessing to the donor in this life and the afterlife.